Vectorizing Quantum Turbulence Vortex-Core Lines for Real-Time Visualization

Daoming Liu*1, Chi Xiong2, Xiaopei Liu1

IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, accepted, 2020

1. ShanghaiTech University
2. Nanyang Technological University




Vectorizing vortex-core lines is crucial for high-quality visualization and analysis of turbulence. While several techniques exist in the literature, they can only be applied to classical fluids. Recently, quantum fluids with turbulence get more and more attention in physics. It is thus desirable that vortex-core lines can also be well extracted and visualized for quantum fluids. In this paper, we aim for this goal and developed an efficient vortex-core line vectorization method for quantum fluids, which enables real-time visualization of high-resolution quantum turbulence structure. Given the datasets from simulation, our technique is developed from the vortices identified by the circulation-based method. To vectorize the vortex-core lines enclosed by those vortices, we propose a novel graph-based data structure, with iterative graph reduction and density-guided local optimization, to locate more precisely sub-grid-scale vortex-core line samples, which are then vectorized by continuous curves. This not only represents vortex-core line structures continuously, but also naturally preserves complex topology, such as branching during reconnection. By vectorization, the memory consumption can be largely reduced by orders of magnitude, enabling real-time rendering performance. Different types of interactive visualizations are demonstrated to show the effectiveness of our technique, which could assist further research on quantum turbulence.









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