Multi-objective optimal control of dynamic bioprocesses using ACADO Toolkit


  • F. Logist, D. Telen, B. Houska, M. Diehl and J. Van Impe


  • Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering, Volume 36, pages 151 - 164, 2013.


The optimal design and operation of dynamic bioprocesses gives in practice often rise to optimisation problems with multiple and conflicting objectives. As a result typically not a single optimal solution but a set of Pareto optimal solutions exist. From this set of Pareto optimal solutions, one has to be chosen by the decision maker. Hence, efficient approaches are required for a fast and accurate generation of the Pareto set such that the decision maker can easily and systematically evaluate optimal alternatives. In the current paper the multi-objective optimisation of several dynamic bioprocess examples is performed using the freely available ACADO Multi- Objective Toolkit ( This toolkit integrates efficient multiple objective scalarisation strategies (e.g., Normal Boundary Intersection and (Enhanced) Normalised Normal Constraint) with fast deterministic approaches for dynamic optimisation (e.g., single and multiple shooting). It has been found that the toolkit is able to efficiently and accurately produce the Pareto sets for all bioprocess examples. The resulting Pareto sets are added as supplementary material to this paper.



author = {F. Logist and D. Telen and B. Houska and M. Diehl and J. Van Impe},
title = {Multi-objective optimal control of dynamic bioprocesses using ACADO Toolkit},
journal = {Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering},
year = {2013},
volume = {36},
pages = {151–164}